U.S. to deploy intermediate-range missiles in Pacific region against China after termination of INF agreement
No sooner had the U.S. government announced its withdrawal from the INF Treaty than U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper declared that the United States would now deploy intermediate-range missiles in the Pacific region as soon as possible, or at least within months. He also made clear that the Pentagon has already developed new intermediate-range missiles before the expiration of the INF agreement in order to have such missiles available within 18 months.
Diplomatically, it was not, because it makes clear that Washington did not withdraw from the treaty because of Russia’s 9M729 cruise missile, which allegedly violates the INF treaty because of its range, which Russia denies (The end of the INF treaty and the new arms race), but because of its interest in rushing further against China. Beijing should not be surprised by this, said Esper.
Behind this is also the desire of the U.S. president and his staff, above all his security adviser John Bolton, not to be bound by any international treaties and to undermine the United Nations as far as possible. Esper also indicated that the U.S. is also unlikely to want to extend the launch agreement, which ends in 2021 and is the only limit on the nuclear arsenal of both countries. John Bolton has already declared that the New START treaty was flawed from the beginning. It is necessary to concentrate on better things.
"USA provokes and strengthens the competition between rough countries"
China has just published a report on its new defense strategy, naturally in English, so that it can be read in Washington and in public without translation. China considers in it the USA, which "absolute military superiority" as its primary adversary in a "increasing multipolar world", which was by no means peaceful.
It is customary to highlight the dangers in order to justify one’s own demands for rearmament. The report is right, however, in stating that the nuclear arms race has intensified. The blame is placed on the USA, which "provoked and strengthened competition between major countries" had significantly increased military spending, expanded nuclear, space, cyberspace, and missile defense capabilities, and increased the "global strategic stability" (Dangerous hypersonic missile race), by undermining the.
NATO also continued to expand, increasing its military presence in Central and Eastern Europe and conducting numerous military operations. The EU is accelerating defense integration and Russia is strengthening its nuclear and traditional capabilities to protect its strategic security space and interests. At the same time, arms control and disarmament efforts had suffered a setback and arms race was increasing. In contrast, it is pointed out that China has not started a war or conflict in 70 years, since the People’s Republic, and seeks peaceful cooperation with all countries.
Rearingly for neighboring countries, the situation in the South China Sea is said to be stable, even though the U.S. has brought unrest into the area and, for example, threatened the strategic stability of the region with the installation of the THAAD missile defense system. China is also portrayed as stable and as a unit, but threatened by separatists (Taiwan, Tibet, "East Turkistan") and territorial disputes in the Sud China Sea. China claims islands here and the right to build infrastructure and establish bases. Also "Reunification" with Taiwan is not negotiable. All necessary means will be used for this purpose.
Maintaining nuclear deterrence, developing space and cyberspace capabilities
The core of the nuclear strategy is not to use nuclear weapons first or even to threaten to use them, but one is forced, also in view of one’s own history, to ruffle feathers in order to secure China’s sovereignty and maritime rights as well as interests abroad. It is important to maintain nuclear deterrence, develop space and cyberspace capabilities. However, military spending as a percentage of GDP and total government spending has been declining in recent years and is significantly lower than that of the U.S. and Russia, which is also true for per capita spending. They were 5 percent of those of the USA or 20 percent of those of Germany.
The report is light on specifics, portraying China as a power that, unlike the U.S., is eager for cooperation, agreements and peace, but also sets red lines and is determined to play along in the arms race. If right-wing nationalist American media such as The Washington Free Beacon make a threat to the USA out of this, for example by propagating the development of space weapons against the USA, this is completely immanent in the logic of the arms race.
While China has already shown that it is capable of launching satellites in space, it was the U.S. that first announced the establishment of a space command to ensure military superiority and has been preventing ruse control agreements in space and cyberspace for years (Iron Sky and the Militarization of Space).
In June, China became the first nation to single-handedly launch a Long March 11WEY space rocket from a civilian transport ship, putting 5 satellites into orbit. A floating rocket launch platform is expected to reduce the cost and risk of space launches. One of the main advantages is that it makes the launch site highly variable, allowing China to provide local access to space for other countries involved in the Silk Road project. There was once a floating missile launch platform built by Russia, the U.S., Norway and Ukraine in the late 1990s, but it was discontinued in 2014 following the Ukraine conflict.
China warns U.S
The Chinese Ministry of Defense warned the U.S. against deploying intermediate-range missiles in the Indo-Pacific region, as announced by U.S. Defense Secretary Esper. China would not stand by and watch "forced to take countermeasures if the U.S. deploys land-based intermediate-range missiles in this part of the world". All options were on the table.
Fu Cong, director of the Rust Control Department at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, also urged Sud Korea, Australia and Japan to exercise restraint. They were not to serve the national security interests of other countries.
Fu also stated that China, citing the small number of Chinese nuclear weapons and the large nuclear arsenals of Russia and the U.S., would not currently participate in possible nuclear arms reduction negotiations. One had always "maximum restraint" shown in the development of nuclear weapons and would continue not to use nuclear weapons first in a conflict.
Global Times warns of an arms race and "geopolitical chaos". Medium-range missiles were offensive weapons: "Any country that deploys missiles will directly or indirectly target China and Russia." This could cause serious damage to countries such as Japan or South Korea because of trade relations. China and Russia were then pressed even closer together.
U.S. National Security Advisor John Bolton stated that the planned deployment of medium-range missiles is only to protect U.S. allies in the region, such as Japan and South Korea. China is massing the presence of weapons on its borders that could be used to attack Japanese or American bases. In the usual rhetoric, he said the U.S. would only act defensively: "It is China that is building up its military forces and posing a threat."