The Bundestag decides on the participation of the Bundeswehr in the EU operation Atalanta and thus on the participation in a new military adventure to Afghanistan
On Friday, the Bundestag will decide whether the German Armed Forces should participate in the EU operation Atalanta, which aims to militarily combat pirates in Somalia (EU launches military operation against pirates off Somalia). The cost of the one-year participation is said to be 45 million euros. The German government wants to participate in the operation with a frigate and up to 1400 soldiers. What is new now, however, is that pirates can be hunted not only at sea, but also on Somali territory, following a US Security Council decision at the urging of the USA.
The primary purpose is to ensure the supply of food to Somalis through the World Food Program, but this is of course only the reason to justify in general the use of the Navy against pirates, actually not necessarily military opponents, but criminals. Ships in general are to be protected in this important maritime trabe. The German government’s justification also makes this clear:
As an exporting nation, Germany has a particularly strong interest in secure trade routes, especially since it is also dependent on the import of raw materials, a large proportion of which enter the country by sea. In addition, numerous cruise operators have this route in their catalogs; several thousand German tourists travel through the Gulf of Aden on cruise ships every year.
The logic of military deployment obeys the extension of the US government’s post-11.9. launched "Global war on terror". In the case of Somalia, the military action is covered by the UN Security Council with the approval of the Somali transitional government. The soldiers are authorized according to the UN Security Council mandate, "all the necessary measures" to take all necessary measures, including the use of military force. In the application of the federal government it says:
Carrying out the necessary measures, including the use of force, to deter, prevent and stop acts of piracy or armed robbery that could be committed in the area of operation.
One of the critical points, not only in such military operations, is that boats can be attacked and sunk, and people killed or arrested, even without evidence and preemptively – so also the federal government: deterrence and prevention. It is unclear what will happen to the prisoners if they are not charged in Germany and cannot be deported, for example because no country is willing to take them in or it cannot be guaranteed that they will not be mistreated. The problem could be that Europe must create a kind of Guantanamo or simply release prisoners again.
However, the situation has changed after the UN Security Council decided on Tuesday that pirates – whoever that should be more precisely – could also be pursued on Somali territory according to Article 6 of the resolution (USA wants to hunt pirates also on Somali mainland). UN Secretary-General Ban said that piracy must be viewed in the context of the anarchy that has prevailed in Somalia for the past 17 years and that a comprehensive approach must be taken that calls for peace in Somalia. However, this is unlikely to happen for the time being if expensive military operations dominate humanitarian actions politically and financially.
Expect chaos to increase in Somalia when Ethiopian troops leave at the end of the year, as the weak presence of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) is unlikely to provide security. The British government, like the U.S. government, buried the expansion of rights. U.S. Secretary of State Rice said that fighting piracy at sea is not enough, it is also necessary to fight piracy on land. However, she also pointed to the problem of how to deal with detainees. The German representative, Thomas Matussek, said in diplomatically vacuous terms that land operations could only be carried out as specified. fixed, however, is not really anything. So it could well be that the Bundestag approves the deployment of the navy and then has to see how German soldiers might also become active in Somalia or at least be involved in military interventions indirectly through participation in the Atalanta operation. It is one thing to attack armed pirates on their ships. Fighting them or suspected persons in the countryside, where they are hiding among the civilian population, will be the risk for the countryside "Collateral damage" and for a new war raise.